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Episode 20 - Video
Episode 20 - Transcript
ANNE catches a bus to the University.
Anne walks to the bus stop. An elderly lady waiting for the bus watches her walk up. Anne sits next to her.

ELDERLY LADY
Hello dear. How are you?

ANNE
Very well thankyou.

ELDERLY LADY
Are you sure? Is anything wrong?

ANNE
No, I’m fine.

ELDERLY LADY
I watched you walking. You walk sadly. I’m old. I walk slowly. But you walk sadly.

ANNE
Well I do have a problem.

ELDERLY LADY
Not too serious I hope?

ANNE
I don’t know. I hope not.

ELDERLY LADY
Worrying doesn’t help, my dear. Think positively. It helps. Do something, take action. You’ll be alright.

ANNE
I hope so. Thankyou.

ELDERLY LADY
Where are you from dear?

ANNE
Singapore.

ELDERLY LADY
You speak English very well.

ANNE
Thankyou. Sometimes when people speak very quickly I can’t understand.

ELDERLY LADY
Don’t worry. I speak slowly.
A bus is coming. The elderly lady squints at it.

ELDERLY LADY
And I see badly these days. What number bus is that, dear?

ANNE
It’s one ninety.

ELDERLY LADY
At last. It was nice talking to you.

ANNE
You too.
Episode 20 - Notes


1. ADVICE & SYMPATHY

If someone looks sad and you want to show concern or sympathy, first ask them how they are.
Are you alright?

They might reply.
I’m fine.
or
I’m alright.
or
I’m OK.

You can then say:
Are you sure?

Listen again
Are you alright?
I’m fine.
Are you sure? Is anything wrong?
Well, I do have a problem.

ELDERLY LADY
Hello dear. How are you?

ANNE
Very well thankyou.

ELDERLY LADY
Are you sure? Is anything wrong?

ANNE
No, I’m fine.

ELDERLY LADY
I watched you walking. You walk sadly. I’m old. I walk slowly. But you walk sadly.

ANNE
Well I do have a problem.
  Once you know what the problem is, you can offer advice.

Do something. Take action. Think positively.

When giving advice you can also say you should.
You should do something.
You should take action.
You should think positively.
ELDERLY LADY
Worrying doesn’t help, my dear. Think positively. It helps. Do something, take action. You’ll be alright.
   
2. SAYING HOW YOU FEEL
Here are some ways to reply when someone asks how you are or how you feel.
How are you?

I feel good

or
I’m good.
or
I feel fine.
or
I’m fine.
or
Very well, thanks
ANNE
Very well thankyou.
  If you don’t feel well, you can say:
Not so well.
or
Not too good.
   
3. HOPE NOT

We say not after hope instead of saying don’t (do not) before it.
I hope not.
not
I don’t hope. X

To form the negative of most verbs we say don’t before them.
I don’t understand
I don’t know
I don’t say
I don’t think

but
I hope not
ANNE
I hope not.
   
4. ADVERBS
Words that tell us how we do something are called adverbs.
Often they have a ly on the end.
walk quickly
speak slowly

ELDERLY LADY
You walk sadly. I’m old. I walk slowly.
The ly is often added to adjectives
She is loud.
She speaks loudly.
He is quiet.
He speaks quietly.

ANNE
Sometimes when people speak very quickly I can’t understand.

ELDERLY LADY
Don’t worry. I speak slowly.
Not all adverbs have this ly sound.
You speak English well.
She runs fast.

ELDERLY LADY
You speak English very well.
Adverbs say how, when and where things happen.
how
They live separately.
when
I’ll finish this soon.
where
He walked downstairs.
We use them to say how good or bad you are at doing something.
You can say that you are very good at something like this:
I speak English very well.

good:
I speak English well.

not quite so good:
I speak English quite well.
or
I speak English fairly well.

not good:
I speak English badly.
or
I speak English poorly.

not good at all:
I speak English very badly.
or
I speak English very poorly.
   

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