|1. The & A - 2. A & An - 3. Is There / Are There - 4. Sequence Words|
|1. THE & A|
|We call the words a and the articles.|
|We use a and the
Here is the car.
Here is a car.
|We use them before adjectives and nouns.
Here is the blue car.
Here is a blue car.
|We use the if there is more than one thing.
Look at the cars.
Well, the kangaroos are just over there.
|We say the car if we know something about
Here is the car we saw before.
|We use the for definite things. Some things
are always definite.
the Sydney Opera House
the Yangtze River
|We use the when there is only one of something.
She is the boss.
|We can only use a for singular things.
Here is a car.
Two, please. And a bag of food.
|We use a for something that is not definite.
Here’s a car I haven’t seen before.
I really want to hold a koala. Is there a koala here?
|We use a for one thing out of a number of
There’s a red car over there. (but there are other red cars in the world)
There’s a café just over there.
|We use a when saying general things about
He is a man
My cat is a Siamese.
|2. A & AN|
|We use an instead of a
before words that start with a vowel sound.
These are the short vowel sounds.
These are the long vowel sounds.
We pronounce a with a long vowel sound when we want
to emphasise something.
|We pronounce it 'thee'
with words that start with a vowel sound.
the open door
the ugly truth
|We pronounce it 'the'
with words that start with a consonant sound.
|We sometimes use the ‘thee’ pronunciation for emphasis.
This is the best steak I’ve ever had.
|3. IS THERE / ARE THERE|
|We say are or is before there in questions.|
|We use is there for asking about single things.
Is there an elephant?
Is there enough food?
Is there somewhere to have lunch?
|We use are there for asking about more than
Are there tigers here?
Are there enough cars to take us all?
Are there some kangaroos?
|4. SEQUENCE WORDS|
|These are some words we use for the order in which we do things.
We start with first.
And then we can use words such as
We finish with finally.
how to make a sandwich.
First, get two slices of bread and spread butter on them. Then add a piece of lettuce, followed by a slice of cheese. After that you close the sandwich. Finally, you eat it.