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Episode 14 - Video
Episode 14 - Transcript
ANNE and STEVE go to a Wildlife Park
ANNE and STEVE are buying tickets. STEVE pays for the tickets and gives her one.

STEVE
Two, please. And a bag of food.

SHOP ASSISTANT
There are your tickets. Have a nice day

ANNE
How much do I owe you?

STEVE
Thatís okay. Itís my treat.

ANNE
Thankyou. Iíll buy lunch. Is there somewhere to have lunch?

STEVE
Of course. Thereís a cafť just over there. What do you want to do first?

ANNE
I really want to hold a koala. Is there a koala here?

STEVE
Yes! Itís the most popular animal! We might have to queue though.

ANNE
I donít mind. What else is there? Are there some kangaroos?

STEVE
Of course. There are lots.

ANNE
And birds? Iíve heard Australian birds are amazing.

STEVE
Donít worry. Youíll get to see lots of birds.

ANNE
What shall we do first?

STEVE
Well, the kangaroos are just over there. And I think the birds are next, and nextÖ

ANNE
Öweíll cuddle a koala!

STEVE
Sure! And after that?

ANNE
After that, Iíll buy you lunch.

STEVE
Itís a deal!
They head off into the park.
Episode 14 - Notes


1. THE & A
  We call the words a and the articles.
We use a and the before nouns.
Here is the car.
Here is a car.

We use them before adjectives and nouns.
Here is the blue car.
Here is a blue car.

  the
We use the if there is more than one thing.
Look at the cars.
STEVE
Well, the kangaroos are just over there.
We say the car if we know something about it:
Here is the car we saw before.
We use the for definite things. Some things are always definite.
the Sydney Opera House
the Yangtze River

We use the when there is only one of something.
She is the boss.
  a
We can only use a for singular things.
Here is a car.
STEVE
Two, please. And a bag of food.
We use a for something that is not definite.
Here’s a car I haven’t seen before.
ANNE
I really want to hold a koala. Is there a koala here?
We use a for one thing out of a number of things.
There’s a red car over there. (but there are other red cars in the world)
STEVE
There’s a café just over there.
We use a when saying general things about something.
He is a man
My cat is a Siamese.

   
2. A & AN
  We use an instead of a before words that start with a vowel sound.
These are the short vowel sounds.
a
an apple
e
an egg
i
an igloo
o
an ostrich
u
an umbrella

These are the long vowel sounds.
A
an alien
E
an eagle
I
an island
O
an opal
U is a consonant sound.
a university
a European

And note:
an apple
But
a red apple

We pronounce a with a long vowel sound when we want to emphasise something.
This is a fantastic website.

pronouncing 'the'
We pronounce it 'thee' with words that start with a vowel sound.
a
the ant
A
the a
pricots
e
the e
ggs
E
the e
agle
i
the i
ssue
I
the i
ce-cream
O
the o
pen door
o
the o
tters
u
the u
gly truth

We pronounce it 'the' with words that start with a consonant sound.
the university
the government
the police
the TV
the show

We sometimes use the ‘thee’ pronunciation for emphasis.
This is the best steak I’ve ever had.
   
3. IS THERE / ARE THERE
  We say are or is before there in questions.
We use is there for asking about single things.
Is there an elephant?
Is there enough food?
ANNE
Is there somewhere to have lunch?
We use are there for asking about more than one thing.
Are there tigers here?
Are there enough cars to take us all?

ANNE
Are there some kangaroos?
   
4. SEQUENCE WORDS
  These are some words we use for the order in which we do things.
We start with first.
And then we can use words such as
next
then
after
followed by

We finish with finally.
Here’s how to make a sandwichHere’s how to make a sandwich.
First, get two slices of bread and spread butter on them. Then add a piece of lettuce, followed by a slice of cheese. After that you close the sandwich. Finally, you eat it.
   

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