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Friday, 12 June  2009  Friday review WOMAD

Look back at our visit to WOMAD

On today's English Bites review we're going to look back at our visit to WOMAD - a world music festival held in Adelaide.

During the week we asked people questions about what they were doing, and what they liked about the festival.

Let's go back and look at some people talking about what they like most about the feeling of the festival. The first thing we'll talk about is synonyms.

Jim: I guess I've been to a lot of rock music festivals - Glastonbury and a lot of music festivals here in Australia and I really like the ambience here. It's a really good atmosphere, really good. Everybody is really chilled out, a very good atmosphere. We have a good time. It's a very different mixture of styles which is good. You sort of go from one place to another and just traverse entire continents across three stages so it's nice.

Synonyms are words that mean the same, or have a very similar meaning.

Jim has been to a lot of rock music festivals.

He likes the ambience at WOMAD.

Ambience refers to the character or feeling of a place.

Jim also says that the festival has a good atmosphere.

Here, the word 'atmosphere' is also used to describe the character or feeling of a place.

The words ambience and atmosphere have similar meanings. They are synonyms.

Synonyms for ambience include

atmosphere, character,
or feeling.

Listen to these people use some other synonyms.

Vernon: Just the spirit is really terrific. It's really nice to be here in the open

Sarah: I think WOMAD is good because people tend to be very relaxed and happy here like you can leave your stuff and just feel relaxed that nothing bad is going to happen and you meet a lot of nice people and everyone's happy just to enjoy the music. And there's not kind of time frame, you don't have to be anywhere. You can just relax and enjoy. It's good.

Neil: The people, the atmosphere that's around it. So I like that, the laid back attitude.

Neil talked about the atmosphere at WOMAD.

He says it's a nice, sharing and laid back environment. Let's look at some more synonyms.

Laid back is slang. It's a synonym for relaxed.

Other synonyms for relaxed and laid back include:

easygoing or
chilled out

Neil uses the term 'laid back' to describe both the environment and the attitude of the people.

OK. So that's people using all sorts of different words to describe what it's like at the WOMAD festival.

Next we asked some people about what sort of music they liked.

Neil: I just like the variety of music, the sounds, drums especially, waiting to go see some Korean drums in a little bit so. I like the percussion sounds you get from Asia and Africa as well.

Pauline: Yes, I listen to music when the kids are gone and you're still doing work, but also I've got a lot of albums downloaded on the computer and you can play computer games or catch up with your e-mail with sound tracks on random, which is great. This is one of the albums which we have on computer.

Sarah: I like recorded music because it's obviously of better quality and you can carry it with you. Live music is always good. I think it doesn't often matter who the artist is when it's live, it's a different kind of thing than when you listen to it on recording. And if you don't appreciate something that has been recorded you can see that artist live and still really like it because they're live and their look is a lot different than it would be if you just appreciated the recorded version.

They talked about all sorts of different types of music.

Sarah said she likes both recorded and live music. 'Recorded' and 'live' are homographs. They're words that are pronounced differently depending on how they are being used.

record, record.

live, live.

The verb 'to record' means to store information, such as sound, so that it can be replayed later.

Recorded music is music that has been stored so you can play it on a cd or computer.

However, the noun form is pronounced differently - 'record'.

A record is a piece of information that has been stored.

A 'record' also describes a plastic disc used to store music.

So you could say 'I hear the band are going to record a new record.'

There are many other words that change their stress in this way, according to how it's being used.

We have produce and produce,

desert, desert

content, content.

The word live changes in a different way. It's not a change in stress, but a complete change in pronunciation - live and live.

'Live' is an adjective that means 'as it happens'.

But when it's a verb, it's pronounced 'liv'.

To 'live' means to be alive, to have life.

There are a number of words that change pronunciation like this, including.

read and read

wind, wind

tear tear

OK. Let's finish by going back to WOMAD and talking to the family who paint faces. Listen to the questions.

QU: Why do you like to come to WOMAD?

NICKOLAS: Oh just the atmosphere. It's just nice and happy. It's good to be part of.

QU: Can we ask you about what you're doing here?

ALISON: Decorating people.

QU: When did you learn to face paint?

ALISON: I don't' know, we've been doing it for about 18 years now, so it's kind of been practice, lots of practice, lots of just doing it.

QU: Who do you paint?

ALISON: It's kind of adults as well as children so there's a lot of functions and weddings and corporate functions and from sixtieths to fifths and sixths and parties.

We heard many different question words there.

Because she wanted information, the reporter used one of the words for information questions.

who what when where how why.

These are questions that you use when you want to get information from someone. If you use all of them when you are interviewing someone, you'll be sure to get all the information you need!

There are other ways of asking a question as well. There are the yes/no questions
This is using the form

are you?

do you?

can you?

The idea is that you invert the verb, or the auxiliary verb, and the subject.

You are doing face painting.

Are you doing face painting?

You like face painting.

Do you like face painting?

You can face paint very well.

Can you face paint very well?

These types of questions need a yes or no answer.

And that's all for today's English Bites.

multiple choice quiz
story spotlight
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English Bites - Friday review: WOMAD
story notes

Ambience refers to the character or feeling of a place.

Here, the word atmosphere is also used to describe the character or feeling of a place.

chilled out
Chilled out is slang for relaxed and not worried. To chill out is to relax.

The spirit of a place is the way it feels or the way it makes other people feel. Here, spirit is another synonym for atmosphere.

time frame
When she says that there is no time frame, she means that there are no set times when you have to do things. You can just relax and enjoy yourself.

laid back
Laid back is slang. Itís a synonym for relaxed.

Example: This guy is really laid back.

Percussion describes musical instruments that you play by hitting them with your hand or a stick, like drums and xylophones.

Gone is the past participle of the irregular verb go.
more information: go

Album is an old fashioned name for a CD. It used to refer to LP or vinyl records.

Download means copied to a computer's memory.

The verb to record means to store information, such as sound, so that it can be replayed later. Recorded music is music that has been stored so you can play it on a CD or computer.
more information: record

Live is an adjective that means as it happens. It's pronounced differently to the verb live, which meands to have life. Follow the link to listen to the difference.
more information: live

What do the words tear and desert have in common?

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