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Friday, 13 February  2009  Friday review

We've visited a lot of different places this week on English Bites - a beach, a dam, an island and a wetland.


All these locations are related to water.

Let's review this week's locations - and the events taking place in them. We've looked at a range of water and nature words this week.

We'll start in Mallacoota

FREYA MICHIE, REPORTER: Dawn on Victoria's Wilderness Coast. It's aptly named. There's no development along the beach for almost 200 kilometres. No housing, no jetties, no breakwaters, nothing.

But now a development here is becoming a very real possibility and it's splitting the sleepy town of Mallacoota.

The small town of Mallacoota is on the wilderness coast of Victoria's Gippsland region.

It's a very beautiful, wild part of the country.

There's no development for 200 kilometres along that stretch.

No housing, no jetties, no breakwaters.

A jetty is a wooden structure built out into the sea, used for people getting on and off boats.

A breakwater is wall built out into the sea that protects a bay from waves. It can also be called a breakwall.

Along the wilderness coast, there are none of these types of developments on the beaches - yet.

LEO OP DEN BROUW, SURFER: It's a small development when taken into the context of other developments around the countryside, but the effects it will have on Bastion Point are enormous. It will be destroyed.

DAVE ALLEN, SAVE BASTION POINT CAMPAIGN: It's totally inappropriate. It's going to be a blot on the landscape.

JOHN RUDGE, MALLACOOTA OCEAN ACCESS COMMITTEE: A lot of people resist change. But we believe that change is inevitable.

JENNY MASON, SAVE BASTION POINT CAMPAIGN: It would involve a road across the dune, there, and down the escarpment. It would involve a huge breakwall, 130 metres long, across the rocks over there. It would be a dreadful eyesore. It would just destroy the beauty of this place.

She says that a new development will be a dreadful eyesore. An eyesore is something ugly or unpleasant - something that makes your eyes sore when you look at it.

She says it will destroy the beauty of the place.

On Montague Island there are very strict rules to stop anyone from destroying or changing the environment.

REPORTER (CRAIG ALLEN) : Montague Island rises from the South Pacific much like the mythical Bali Hai, beckoning to the mainland across 9 kilometres of open ocean.

And just like Bali Hai, Montague has stayed off limits to all but a select few.

ROSS CONSTABLE: Being a nature reserve, we do have stricter regulations regarding access. You can't just turn up here and land on the island

For four years, Amy has crouched in the scrub studying the biology and social networks of the island's 6 thousand breeding pairs... and at times she's been touched by the same loneliness that generations of lighthouse keepers suffered since the 1880s.

AMY JORGENSEN: It can become quite isolated; I can be wandering around by myself for long periods of time. Often I feel like I need lots of extra pairs of hands because there is so much gear that I have to carry around.

Montague Island is a nature reserve.

In the past, the only people on the island worked in the lighthouse.

A lighthouse is a tower that sits on islands or near the coast. It puts out a light and warns boats of rocks.

The island needs a lighthouse because there are many rocks around it. The reporter says it rises from the South Pacific, beckoning to the mainland.

Beckoning means calling. The island looks like it is calling to the mainland.

The mainland is the large, main area of land. Islands are the small bits of land around the mainland.

Montague Island is across from the mainland of Australia.

There are researchers on the island who study the wildlife there - and tourists who come to help out.

Now, let's visit Warragamba - a small town in New South Wales.

Unlike Montague Island, Warragamba isn't doing too well. It also needs a helping hand.

LAUREN MARTIN: It was established to provide a home to the thousands of men building Warragamba dam. Now the town of Warragamba has outlived its purpose. While most other suburbs on the outskirts of Sydney are booming, this place is dying.

Warragamba was established, or set up, to provide a home for the men building the Warragamba Dam.

A dam is a wall built across a river. It stops the river from flowing and collects the water so it can be stored in a reservoir.

The problem in Warragamba is that the town is dying - people are leaving and shops are closing.

SANDRA HARLOR: We lost the supermarket, we lost the pharmacy, um, another premises that was over there, the community hall - the church community hall - and the priest residence all burned. The fires leaped over things to land on other things. It was bizarre. There were a couple of attempts to build a supermarket on the original site. Between council regs, finance and bad luck that one fell through.

LAUREN MARTIN: With an empty block where the supermarket once stood, people here started to shop elsewhere.
So they have pulled together and they've come up with a plan to save their town. It's a discount petrol scheme. Spend your money locally, you'll get a discount voucher to use at the pump.

They've pulled together.

To pull together means to work hard as a group in order to achieve something.

They've come up with a plan.

The plan is to give a petrol discount for people who do their shopping in the town. And they're also trying to sell the old supermarket site.

That's the plan they've 'come up with'. You can also 'come up with' an idea or even a new theory or discovery.

To 'come up with' something means to think of or discover or invent something.

They've come up with a plan. But is it too late?

LAUREN MARTIN: In the meantime the business community in Warragamba will be relying on the new discount petrol scheme to bring shoppers back to town. But an outsider might wonder - should Warragamba be left to die a natural death?

And that's all for this week. As always, you can watch all these stories and more on the English Bites website.



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English Bites - Friday review
story notes

 jetties
 
A jetty is a wooden structure built out into the sea, used for people getting on and off boats.
 

 breakwaters
 
A breakwater, or breakwall, is wall built out into the sea that protects a bay from waves.

 real possibility
 
There is a very good chance that something is going to be built there.

 splitting
 
dividing

 sleepy town
 
A sleepy town is a small quiet town.

 Mallacoota
 
Mallacoota is on the wilderness coast in Victoria’s Gippsland region.
 

 taken
 
Taken is the past participle of the irregular verb take. Follow the link below to find out more and to listen to some examples.
 
more information: take

 blot on the landscape
 
A blot on the landscape is something that spoils the look of a place.
 
Example: Some say that the new wind farm is a blot on the landscape.
 
Click here for more idioms and common expressions.

 eyesore
 
An eyesore is something ugly or unpleasant - something that makes your eyes sore when you look at it.
 
Example: The new house is an eyesore.
 
Click here for more idioms and common expressions.

 Montague Island
 
Montague Island is off the coast of New South Wales.
 

 off limits
 
Somewhere that is off limits is a place where certain things or people are banned.
 
Example: The school's staff room is off limits to students
 
Click here for more idioms and common expressions.

 nature reserve
 
A nature reserve is set up to protect an area and all the animals and plants within it.

 stricter regulations
 
Strict regulations are firm rules and stricter regulations are even firmer rules - they cannot be changed for anyone.

 regarding
 
Regarding means concerning, or about.

 access
 
Access refers to the right to enter and use an area.

 turn up
 
arrive
 
For more meanings of the phrasal verb turn up, follow the link below to our language library.
 
more information: turn up

 established
 
Established means set up, or started.

 provide
 
To provide means to supply or give someone something they need.

 Warragamba
 
Warragamba is a small town near Sydney in New South Wales.
 

 outlived its purpose
 
Purpose describes the reason why something exists. To outlive means to live for longer than. So, if something outlives its purpose, it continues to exist even though it doesn’t have a use anymore.

 booming
 
If something is booming, it’s very successful.

 pharmacy
 
A pharmacy is a chemist - a place where you can buy medicines.

 premises
 
The word premises refers to the land and buildings owned by someone.

 residence
 
A residence is a home.

 fell through
 
A plan or arrangement that falls through can't be completed because something has gone wrong.
 
Example: The sale fell through at the last minute.

 stood
 
Here stood is the past tense of the irregular verb stand. Follow the link below to find out more and to listen to some examples.
 
more information: stand

 pulled together
 
To pull together means to work hard as a group in order to achieve something.
 
Example: We have to pull together and make this company a success.
 
For more meanings of the phrasal verb pull together, follow the link below to our language library.
 
more information: pull together

 come up with
 
thought of
 
Example: We need to come up with new ideas
 
For more meanings of the phrasal verb come up with, follow the link below to our language library.
 
more information: come up with

 in the meantime
 
In the meantime means in the time between two things happening.
 
Example: It's five o'clock and the train leaves at six. What are we going to do in the meantime?
 
Click here for more idioms and common expressions.

 outsider
 
someone from outside the town
 
spotlight

What's the difference between dam and damn?

view the spotlight >
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