Visit the Royal Adelaide Show and speak with some of the people working there.
BEN TRUMAN: Okay, yes, my name is Ben Truman, we're at the blacksmiths' stand here, making horseshoes with people's names on it. And the basic process of making a horseshoe is putting it in the forge which is in the background there, starting with a piece of straight steel, getting it in there, getting it hot and then just shaping the shoe. So you know, you usually start about the middle of the shoe, get a bit of a toe bend in it and then you do the branch on the horn of the anvil, and you do that to both sides and make it all look pretty, and you've got your horseshoe.
The horn of the anvil is on the left hand side which is the very pointy bit and then you've got the face of the anvil which is the bit you put your hot steel on to work on and then you've got the back of the anvil you use for doing your toe clips of the shoe which helps to hold the shoe on.
GREG: You start by going into the pen, turning the sheep over and drag it out to your stand. We start by removing the belly wool first, and that's kept separate. You move into shearing the main fleece off the sheep, just rotating the sheep around and then you release the sheep and you go in and get your next one. It's just a process, takes about three minutes.
The wool's then thrown onto the wool table and the classer and the roustabout, they skirt the sweaty edges off it and that's also kept separate with the belly wool. The wool's then put into bales, it's classed, whether it's tender or it's a sound fleece, its colour. It's classed for all those things. It's then put into a bale, pressed up and taken off to the sales.
A blacksmith is a person who makes iron tools and horseshoes. Notice that the possessive apostrophe is placed after the 's' when we are referring to more than one blacksmith. Follow the link below to the language library to find out more.
more information: possessive apostrophe
A horseshoe is a U shaped piece of metal that is fixed to a horse's hoof.
Notice again the use of the possessive apostrophe. With plurals that don't end with 's', such as men and people, we add an 's' to form the possessive and put the apostrophe before it.
The anvil is the big block of iron that Ben used as a base to shape the hot metal.
The anvil has two main parts. The horn of the anvil is the pointy part. Then there’s the face of the anvil. That’s the flat part Ben used to shape the steel.
A pen is an enclosure where animals are kept.
Belly means stomach.
To shear means to cut. Shears are tools used for cutting. They usually have a large blade. To shear a sheep means to cut the wool from a sheep.
Shear is an irregular verb. Follow the link to out language library below to find out more.
more information: shear
Fleece is the word used to describe the wool on a sheep.
Rotating means turning.
Thrown is the past participle of the irregular verb throw. Follow the link below to find out more and to listen to some examples.
more information: throw
The classer sorts the wool into different classes. A ‘class’ is a group of things that have something in common. The classer sorts out the different types of wool.
A rouseabout is a person who helps out in the shearing shed. A rouseabout can also be a general labourer on a station or farm.
A bale is a large bundle. Wool and hay are commonly made into bales so they can be easily stored or transported.
Follow the link to the language library below to discover how to use the three spellings for the word pronounced 'wether'.
more information: weather & whether
Here, tender means fragile or weak.
Example: It was taken off in a truck.
For more meanings of the phrasal verb take off, follow the link below to our language library.
more information: take off
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